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Table of Contents

Multiple Unit Characteristics
Heritage
DMU
DMU Coupling Codes
DEMU
EMU (AC)
EMU (DC)
EMU (DC)
Fixed Formation and Experimental
LHCS
Notes
Modern
Multiple Units
Fixed Formation LHCS & HSTs
London Underground Units
Chicago ‘L’ Units
Australia (NSW)
Additional Notes
In Development / Manufacturing / In Delivery (Multiple Units)

Multiple Unit Characteristics

See also: Locomotive Characteristics .

Scroll down for Modern Stock.

Data originally complied by James Nelhams (Modern Stock), Moonraker (Paul Farwell) (Heritage Stock).

Heritage

DMU

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
DLW (1) 18 M 60 D D1 Early Derby Lightweight units; 2 single car units converted from a power twin set :usertrack:ttuse:250px-derby_lightweight_single_unit_79900.jpg
DLW (2) 35 M 60 D D2 Early Derby Lightweight Units; All withdrawn by 1969; some taken in to departmental use; Allocations on ER and MR :usertrack:ttuse:300px-derby_lightweight_79018_at_bewdley.jpg
DLW (4) 70 M 60 D D4 Early Derby Lightweight Units
100 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Gloucester Twin; Allocations on ER and MR :usertrack:ttuse:31772-scan-1024_filtered-l.jpg?200
MCLWP (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Prototype Metro Cammell Lightweight units; Almost identical to Class 101/102 but due to non standard multiple working equipment; all were withdrawn between 1967 and 1969 except 2 (79047 + 79053) which were used at RTC Derby as Laboratory 21 : Plasma Torch Research and withdrawn in 1981. Allocations on MR and ER :usertrack:ttuse:8157404620_9a9a578628_b.jpg
101 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Metro Cammell (AEC Engines) Classes 101 and 102 identical except engines used; All class 101s eventually equipped with Leyland engines during refurbishment so class 102 was later re-classified to 101; Allocations on ER, MR, WR and ScR. :usertrack:ttuse:10513166563_8570686df9_b.jpg
101 (3) 52 M 70 D D3 Metro Cammell (AEC Engines)
101 (4) 69 M 70 D D3 Metro Cammell (AEC Engines)
102 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Metro Cammell (Leyland Engines)
102 (3) 52 M 70 D D3 Metro Cammell (Leyland Engines)
102 (4) 69 M 70 D D3 Metro Cammell (Leyland Engines)
103 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Park Royal Twin; Allocations on MR mainly CH. Early casualties due to non standard body type. All withdrawn by 1983 :usertrack:ttuse:class_103_park_royal_dmu_50413_bishops_lydeard_c1980_1_9972158594_.jpg
104 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 BRCW
104 (3) 53 M 70 D D3 BRCW; Allocations on ER, MR and ScR :usertrack:ttuse:buxton_railway_station_derbyshire_in_1978.jpg
104 (4) 70 M 70 D D3 BRCW “Buxton Sets” reduced to 3 cars later;
All BX allocated sets painted with white roof above Cab
105 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Cravens (BUT Engines); Allocations on ER, MR and ScR :usertrack:ttuse:10462056636_6be716a37e_b.jpg
105 (3) 52 M 70 D D2 Cravens (BUT Engines)
106 (3) 52 M 70 D D2 Cravens (Leyland Engines); Class 106 fitted with Leyland engines but reclassified as 105 later when most of the 105 fleet also received Leyland engines during refurbishment
107 (3) 53 M 70 D D3 Derby Heavyweight “Strathclyde PTE Units”; Allocated to AY :usertrack:ttuse:539.jpg
108 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Derby Lightweight; Allocations on ER and MR some transferred to the WR before withdrawal :usertrack:ttuse:53958-1-n.jpg
108 (3) 53 M 70 D D2 Derby Lightweight
108 (4) 70 M 70 D D3 Derby Lightweight
109 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Wickham Twin; Allocation on ER; Only 5 built, all but 1 were withdrawn by 1971 but 2 sets were sold to Trinidad and Tobago and one set was modified for use as the ER General Manager’s Saloon (Preserved on the Llangollen Railway) :usertrack:ttuse:br_class_109_llangollen.jpg
110 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 BRCW “Calder Valley”
110 (3) 53 M 70 D D3 BRCW “Calder Valley”; Allocated to HS :usertrack:ttuse:6303910300_2aa96e87bb_b.jpg
111 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Metro Cammell (Rolls Royce Engines); Allocated to NL :usertrack:ttuse:09-4-1989_78718_78968_hull_tiff_-_copy-s.jpg
111 (3) 52 M 70 D D2 Metro Cammell (Rolls Royce Engines)
112 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Cravens (Rolls Royce Engines); Allocation on MR; All withdrawn in 1969 :usertrack:ttuse:714px-last_train_at_arkwright_street_2022606.jpg
113 (2) 35 M 70 D D2 Cravens (Rolls Royce Engines); Hydraulic Transmission; Allocation on MR; All withdrawn in 1969; Blue Square MW coded at some point :usertrack:ttuse:church-colliery-sb.jpg
114 (2) 39 M 70 D D2 Derby Heavyweight Twin; Large allocation at LN :usertrack:ttuse:50019_56006_butterley_1994.jpg
114 (2) 39 M 70 D D2 Derby Heavyweight Twin converted to DPU (5 sets) by fitting roller shutter doors and repainted in to Royal Mail Red livery 1988-91; Allocated to CA :usertrack:ttuse:dmu_8957948645_.jpg
114 (3) 59 M 70 D D2 Derby Heavyweight
115 (3) 58 M 70 D D3 Derby Suburban “Chiltern sets”
115 (4) 77 M 70 D D4 Derby Suburban “Chiltern sets”; Allocated to ME :usertrack:ttuse:2749125231_26ec949fb7.jpg
116 (2) 39 M 70 D D3 Derby Suburban “Cardiff Valleys / WMPTE sets”
116 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Derby Suburban “Cardiff Valleys / WMPTE sets”; Mainly allocated to CF and TS but some small allocations at AN, CW, FP, SF and other depots :usertrack:ttuse:10249043216_9d9416611b_b.jpg
117 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Pressed Steel Suburban “Paddington Suburban sets”; Allocated to RG :usertrack:ttuse:2906536987_7a3689ee8a.jpg
118 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 BRCW Suburban “WR suburban sets”; Allocated to LA and BR :usertrack:ttuse:300px-mobile_billboard_-_geograph.org.uk_-_582849.jpg
119 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Gloucester Cross Country; Allocated to RG, CF and BR :usertrack:ttuse:3027363786_825cc8a28f_b.jpg
120 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Swindon Cross Country; Various allocations on MR, WR and ScR :usertrack:ttuse:3729_class_120_dmu_no_51578_at_preston_23-04-1982.jpg
121 (1) 20 M 70 D D1 Pressed Steel Single Car (Bubble Car); Allocated to RG, OC and BR :usertrack:ttuse:300px-19880827-paddington-class121.jpg
122 (1) 20 M 70 D D1 Gloucester Single Car (Bubble Car); Various allocations on MR, WR and ScR but mainly congregated on the WR at BR and LA before withdrawal :usertrack:ttuse:bubble-car-crop.gif
123 (4) 79 M 70 D D4 Swindon Intercity (Originally built for the WR later transferred to the ER and merged with Class 124s); Allocated to SZ or CF on the WR :usertrack:ttuse:class123friargate.jpg
124 (6) 118 M 70 D D6 Swindon Transpennine as originally built in 6 car sets; These sets were later reduced to 5 cars after withdrawal of the buffet cars prior to merging with Class 123 :usertrack:ttuse:title_1_.png
124 (4) 79 M 70 D D4 Hybrid Swindon Intercity / Swindon Transpennine sets merged when class 123 transferred to ER
(All allocated to BG until withdrawal in 1984)
:usertrack:ttuse:5451970462_bcb7cbb2a2_b.jpg
125 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Derby Suburban GN/GE “Lea Valley” sets (All allocated to FP and SF; Their regular rush hour trains to Broad Street finished in 1976; GN suburban services to Royston had been changed to AC Electric in 1977 and they were deemed non standard and withdrawn that year); Hydraulic Transmission :usertrack:ttuse:p925170184-3.jpg
126 (3) 59 M 70 D D3 Swindon Intercity “Ayrshire Units”; Allocated to AY; Pre Ayrshire Coast Electrification; One end had a gangwayed power car the other end was a Class 120 style cab; Gangways removed and plated over during later refurb programs; the second batch were based on the earlier 1956 built sets in the 79xxx range and all but 4 vehicles of the first batch were withdrawn by 1972; The last 2 sets in the second batch were withdrawn in 1983.
(1 set preserved at Bo’ness & Kinneil Railway)
:usertrack:ttuse:glasgow_central_cravens_split_code_end_class_126_and_class_107.jpg
127 (4) 78 M 70 D D4 Derby Suburban “Bed-Pan units”; Allocated to CW (Replaced by Class 317 when MML suburban services changed to AC Electric) Hydraulic Transmission :usertrack:ttuse:8002798309_2cf969bf14_b.jpg
128 (1) 20 M 70 D D1 Gloucester Single Car DPU; Allocations on MR and WR; Often seen working with class 130 if the latter was conveying tail traffic :usertrack:ttuse:12726091424_aab9ca1f22_b.jpg
129 (1) 18 M 70 D D1 Cravens Single Car DPU; Allocation on MR; All withdrawn by 1973 but one converted for use at RTC Derby with Hydrostatic Transmission (M55997) Laboratory 9 Hydra; Note these units were Yellow Diamond MW fitted to work with the early Derby Lightweight sets :usertrack:ttuse:p1438314466-3.jpg :usertrack:ttuse:hydra-small.jpg In Derby Research colours
127 (2) 39 M 70 D D2 Later conversion of class 127 to DPU: Rebuilt power cars with roller shutter doors for parcels traffic 1985-89; Allocted to CH or LO (Sets 910-20) :usertrack:ttuse:7215706934_64aa25debe.jpg
130 (2) 39 M 70 D D2 Converted Class 116 to DPU in 1967: Allocations on MR and WR; 3 sets converted to DPU (M50819 + M50872, W50862 + W50915 and M51137 + M51150) and used specially adapted GUVs (General Utility Vehicles) as centre trailers but also conveyed tail traffic; WR allocated powercar W50915 later reverted back to standard class 116 configuration in 1977 and transferred to TS :usertrack:ttuse:88560014s.jpg
131 (1) 20 M 70 D D1 Gloucester Single Car (Class 122) converted to DPU; 3 ScR cars (55013-015) :usertrack:ttuse:download.jpg

DMU Coupling Codes

Code Unit Type/Transmission Unit Class(s)
Blue Square :usertrack:ttuse:blue_square.gif Most units with mechanical transmission Classes 100 - 112, 114 - 124, 128, 130 & 131
Orange Star :usertrack:ttuse:orange_star.svg.png Most units with hydraulic transmission Classes 113 (Blue Square coded at some point), 125
Yellow Diamond :usertrack:ttuse:15px-yellow_diamond_1.png Derby Lightweight, Met Cam Lightweight Prototype sets & Cravens Class 129 DPU (mechanical transmission) Early Derby Lightweight Units, Metro Cammel Lightweight Prototype sets (Non TOPS Coded) and Class 129 DPU
Red Triangle :usertrack:ttuse:15px-armed_forces_red_triangle.svg.png Derby Lightweight (hydraulic transmission) Class 127
White Circle O Swindon Intercity Class 126 Only (Independant Control Air on each Unit)

Note Blue Square, Red Triangle and Yellow Diamond units can work in multiple together.

:usertrack:ttuse:800px-class_101s_at_duffield.jpg

Picture of a Metro Cammel Class 101 2 car DMU with the Blue Square Coupling Code visible just above Solebar Height.

The jumper cable housings and sockets are white and can be seen either side of the brake pipes.
There are also Control Air Pipes that would need to be connected in between units (Except Class 126).

DEMU

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
201 108 M 75 D N/A Hastings DEMU 6S (Short Frame) All Class 201/202/203 sets built to the narrower Hastings Loading Gauge. Numbered 1001 - 1007 See also class 206 (Classes 201 - 207 fitted with English Electric 4SRKT Mark II engines) 2 power cars per set (one at each end) Classes 201-203, One power car per set Classes 204-207; Allocated to SE. :usertrack:ttuse:hastings_demu_hastings_3.jpg
202 120 M 75 D N/A Hastings DEMU 6L (Long Frame) Numbered 1011 - 1019 and 1031 - 1032 :usertrack:ttuse:86demu.jpg
203 120 M 75 D N/A Hastings DEMU 6B (Long Frame) Numbered 1031 - 1037 (Units 1031 and 1032 converted to 6L in 1963), 1033 - 1037 converted to 203(1) in early 1980s and Buffet cars withdrawn :usertrack:ttuse:7508461018_350acdfa76.jpg
203(1) 100 M 75 D N/A Hastings DEMU 5L (Long Frame) Former 6B units 1033 - 1037 :usertrack:ttuse:2989580916_63df820740_b.jpg
203(2) 80 M 75 D N/A Hastings DEMU 4L (Long Frame) 4 Car {Former u1011} :usertrack:ttuse:3027363046_7037b740dd_m.jpg
204 60 M 75 D N/A DEMU 3T (Hampshire); Allocated to EH :usertrack:ttuse:8376897868_d5c2c14bc3_b.jpg
205 60 M 75 D N/A DEMU 3H (Hampshire); Allocated to EH, SE or SU :usertrack:ttuse:mwe_1124.jpg
206 56 M 75 D N/A DEMU 3R (North Downs) Used on Reading - Redhill/Tonbridge services;
Nicknamed “Tadpoles” due to being a hybrid of Class 201 Hastings Power Car and 1 trailer and redundant 2 EPB EMU Driving cars; Allocated to SU
:usertrack:ttuse:15283428269_299d16282c_b.jpg
207 60 M 75 D N/A DEMU 3D (Sussex); Allocated to SE or SU :usertrack:ttuse:207-1317_130221-298_b.jpg
210 (3) 62 H 90 D N/A BREL DEMU Prototype (Paxman 6RP200L Engine 210001) :usertrack:ttuse:11693634364_f32bbe419c_b.jpg
210 (4) 82 H 90 D N/A BREL DEMU Prototype (MTU 12V396 TC11 Engine 210002) :usertrack:ttuse:210-oxford_bill_wilson.jpg

EMU (AC)

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
302 80 M 75 AC N/A LT&S Units; Allocated to EM :usertrack:ttuse:8593627310_098706101e_b.jpg
303 60 M 75 AC N/A Glasgow Suburban Units; Allocated to GW or HY :usertrack:ttuse:303054.jpg
304 (4) 78 M 75 AC N/A MR Suburban Units; Allocated to LG; Reduced to 3 cars at refurbishment :usertrack:ttuse:304008_manchester_oxford_road_080591g-m.jpg
304 (3) 59 M 75 AC N/A MR Suburban Units; Allocated to LG
305/1 60 M 75 AC N/A GE Suburban Units; Allocated to IL :usertrack:ttuse:16250282508_e37e95b414_b.jpg
305/2 80 M 75 AC N/A GE Suburban Units
306 54 M 70 AC N/A GE “Shenfield Sets” Originally built as 1500v DC sets later converted to 6.25Kv then 25Kv AC;
Almost identical to Class 506 except pantograph location (Withdrawn 1980 and replaced by Class 315); Allocated to IL
:usertrack:ttuse:2513752208_479e44250f_b.jpg
307 80 M 75 AC N/A GE Outer Suburban Units; Sometimes coupled to Class 308; Allocated to IL :usertrack:ttuse:2874840855_7a154c4dae_b.jpg
308/1 80 M 75 AC N/A GE/LT&S Outer Suburban Units; Sometimes coupled to Class 307; Allocated to IL or EM :usertrack:ttuse:308hpev.jpg
308/2 60 M 75 AC N/A GE Outer Suburban Units
308/3 60 M 75 AC N/A GE Outer Suburban Unit
309/1 80 M 100 AC N/A Clacton Express Stock; Allocated to CC :usertrack:ttuse:8827915_orig.jpg
309/2 80 M 100 AC N/A Clacton Express Stock
310 80 M 75 AC N/A MR Outer Suburban Units; Allocated to BY :usertrack:ttuse:310101.jpg
311 60 M 75 AC N/A Glasgow Suburban Units; Allocated to GW or HY :usertrack:ttuse:3625473288_612cc5e115.jpg
312 80 M 90 AC N/A GN/GE Outer Suburban Units; Allocated to HE or IL :usertrack:ttuse:5978734307_42e610e5be_b.jpg
312/2 80 M 75 AC N/A MR Outer Suburban Units; Allocated to BY :usertrack:ttuse:img_0015_28800x53829.jpg

EMU (DC)

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
401 40 M 60 DC N/A 2-BIL South Western / Central Divisions Outer Suburban Stock :usertrack:ttuse:2993462701_f9de829a4e_b.jpg
402 40 M 75 DC N/A 2-HAL South Eastern Division Outer Suburban Stock :usertrack:ttuse:5812639898_ffbda43a10_b.jpg
405 80 M 75 DC N/A 4-Sub South Western / Central / South Eastern Divisions Suburban Stock :usertrack:ttuse:0000-g-edgar-clapham.jpg
411 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Cep Kent Coast Express Stock :usertrack:ttuse:br_class_411_4_4-cep_emu_no._1525_hastings_24_september_1986.jpg
412 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Bep Kent Coast Express Stock / Some sets also allocated to Central Division and worked on Sussex Coast services :usertrack:ttuse:2906540949_d1a07f631c_b.jpg
413 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Cap West Coastway/Medway Units :usertrack:ttuse:2974220105_59011b2de2_b.jpg
414 40 M 90 DC N/A 2 Hap :usertrack:ttuse:13081471785_bcfe7dcbf4_b.jpg
415/1 76 M 75 DC N/A 4 EPB SR :usertrack:ttuse:8775914789_8d9735ee1c_m.jpg
415/4 76 M 75 DC N/A 4 EPB SR Refurbished :usertrack:ttuse:3015269746_1ed6d53d35_b.jpg
415/6 80 M 75 DC N/A 4 EPB BR :usertrack:ttuse:3205580817_fe97221785.jpg
416/2 40 M 75 DC N/A 2 EPB BR :usertrack:ttuse:3027364846_41f46b7b61_b.jpg
416/3 38 M 75 DC N/A 2 EPB SR :usertrack:ttuse:416_at_dalton_kingsland2.jpg
416/4 40 M 75 DC N/A 2 EPB BR Refurbished :usertrack:ttuse:2757060555_d4154e4ce3.jpg
419 20 H 90 DC/Batt N/A MLV (Motor Luggage Van); Usually worked with Boat Trains (4-Cep/Bep stock) to Dover/Folkestone also able to run on non electrified sections on Battery Power :usertrack:ttuse:ds_9002_1.jpg
421/1 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Cig Portsmouth Direct / Victoria / London Bridge - Brighton and Sussex Coast sets :usertrack:ttuse:8775921159_b4a480d242.jpg
421/2 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Cig :usertrack:ttuse:class-421-2-emu-leaving-gatwick-airport_4_81.jpg
421/3 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Cig Refurbished :usertrack:ttuse:320px-br_class_421_3_4-cig_emu_no._7355_portsmouth_harbour_24_october_1986.jpg
422 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Big Refurbished :usertrack:ttuse:2969445691_1e4010e083_m.jpg
422/1 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Big :usertrack:ttuse:6946893474_a30fa670b1_b.jpg
423 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Vep :usertrack:ttuse:3810_arriving_at_london_waterloo.jpg
427 80 M 90 DC N/A 4 Veg (4 Vep units converted as a forerunner to the Gatwick Express service) :usertrack:ttuse:8718483878_b7067d4fe6_b.jpg
432 80 H 90 DC N/A 4 Rep. Usually formed 4 Rep + 4 TC + 4 TC on Waterloo - Bournemouth/Weymouth Services :usertrack:ttuse:ds_rep03.jpg
485 64 M 45 DC N/A 4 Vec. Ex LT Standard Stock converted to use the 3rd rail system on the Isle of Wight. 1967 - 1992. Replaced by Class 483 :usertrack:ttuse:shanklinstn.jpg
486 48 M 45 DC N/A 3 Tis. Ex LT Standard Stock converted to use the 3rd Rail system on the Isle of Wight. 1967 - 1992. Replaced by Class 483 :usertrack:ttuse:download_1_.jpg
487 (2) 30 H 50 DC N/A Waterloo & City Line Stock (1940) run as 2 Motor Cars; Replaced by Class 482 (1993)
487 (5) 75 H 50 DC N/A Waterloo & City Line Stock (1940) run as Motor + 3 Trailers + Motor; Replaced by Class 482 (1993) :usertrack:ttuse:8348133206_ae7430567d.jpg
491 80 M 90 NP* N/A 4 TC (Trailer Control) non-powered sets to work with Class 432 (4 REP), Class 33/1 and Class 73;
Class 33/1 + 1 or 2 4 TCs Bournemouth - Weymouth depending on time of year pre-Dorset Coast Electrification; Also used on Channel Islands boat trains to Weymouth Quay prior to the end of these services
:usertrack:ttuse:5650691131_b47a780840.jpg

EMU (DC)

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
501 51 M 60 DC N/A Euston - Watford / Watford - Croxley Green / NLL DC units;
used the LU 4th rail system when running on Bakerloo and District lines (To Watford Junction or Richmond); Withdrawn in 1985 and replaced by Class 313 on most routes, but the through services from Richmond to North Woolwich on the NLL were operated by SR 2 EPB units for a time
:usertrack:ttuse:p478983156-3.jpg
502 61 M 70 DC N/A Mersey Lines DC Units (Liverpool Northern Line/Ormskirk); Replaced by Class 507 in 1978 :usertrack:ttuse:liverpool_brian_daniels1977_exchange90.jpg
503 53 M 70 DC N/A Wirral and Mersey Lines DC Units; Withdrawn between 1980 and 1985 and replaced by Class 508 :usertrack:ttuse:g14.jpg
504 40 M 70 DC N/A Manchester - Bury 1200v (Side Pick up. Unique in the UK) DC units; Withdrawn after the Bury Line was converted for use by Trams as part of Manchester Metrolink :usertrack:ttuse:british_rail_class_504_manvic_prior_to_metrolink.jpg
506 54 M 75 DC N/A Manchester - Glossop / Hadfield 1500v (OHLE) DC Units (Woodhead Route);
withdrawn after remainder of route converted to 25Kv AC. Classes 303/304/305 early replacements latterly Class 323
:usertrack:ttuse:img_0032_28800x49029.jpg

Fixed Formation and Experimental

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Notes Picture
251 166 M 90 D Blue Pullman 8 car Blue Pullman sets (Midland Region sets). Used from 1960-1973. Early fixed formation luxury train. Many features of which were adopted for the HST :usertrack:ttuse:700px-covershot54.jpg All sets transferred to the WR before withdrawal
252 198 M 125 D HST-P Prototype HST; One power car preserved (later Class 41) and several coaches still in use with production HST sets :usertrack:ttuse:300px-252001_-_weston_s_mare_-_1975.jpg
253 198 M 125 D HST Original (1976) classification of production HST on WR
(Dropped because Power Cars were switched between sets; later Class 43)
:usertrack:ttuse:253011-2-n.jpg GWR power car 43002 was repainted back to original Inter City 125 colours, and named Sir Kenneth Grange to mark the 40th anniversary of the introduction of the HST, and 43185 was also repainted into Intercity Swallow livery and named Great Western for an event at the NRM in York
254 221 M 125 D HST Original (1978) classification of production HST on ER
(Dropped because Power Cars were switched between sets; later Class 43)
:usertrack:ttuse:254019_le_010380.jpg
261 132 M 90 D Blue Pullman 6 car Blue Pullman sets (Western Region sets). Used from 1960-1973. Early fixed formation luxury train. Many features of which were adopted for the HST :usertrack:ttuse:midland_pullman_at_cheadle_heath.001.jpg
370 184 H 125 AC APT-P APT (Advanced Passenger Train) Prototype tilting train. Ran in service from 1981 - 1986 on the WCML;
Due to teething problems all sets were withdrawn. 1 part set (6 cars) preserved at Crewe Heritage Centre;
Many features adopted for Class 91 and Mk IV coaches; Complete trains made up of 2 half sets coupled together power car to power car with no connection between the 2
:usertrack:ttuse:download_2_.jpg
488 100 M 90 NP N/A Non Powered converted Mk 2F stock (Sub Classes 488/2 First Class / 488/3 Second Class) for use on Gatwick Express services used in conjunction with Class 489 GLV and Class 73/2 (Replacing Class 427 in 1984) until replaced by Class 460 (2003) :usertrack:ttuse:cd_488303_3.jpg
489 20 M 90 DC N/A GLV (Gatwick Luggage Van); Converted Class 414 Driving Motor car used in conjunction with Class 488 non powered sets and Class 73/2 (Replacing Class 427 in 1984) on Gatwick Express services until replaced by Class 460 in 2003 :usertrack:ttuse:220px-9108_at_london_victoria.jpg
APT-E 85 VH 156 Gas Turbine APT-E Experimental Gas Turbine powered tilting train. Never ran in service but was used more as a mobile laboratory. Preserved at the NRM in York and Shildon :usertrack:ttuse:download_3_.jpg

LHCS

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/Load Service Notes (formation)
27 151 M 90 D N/A Glasgow - Edinburgh Push/Pull Class 27 + Mk 2 BSO, FK + 4 SO + Class 27
33/1 96/176 M 85 D N/A Bournemouth - Weymouth Push/Pull Class 33/1 + 1 or 2 x 4 TC
47/7 155 M 100 D N/A Glasgow - Edinburgh Push/Pull Class 47/7 + Mk 3 FO, 4 TSO + Mk 2 DBSO
73/2 136 M 90 DC N/A Gatwick Express Push/Pull Class 73/2 + 2 Mk 2F FO + 3 SO + Class 489 GLV
86/2 218 M 100 AC N/A London Liverpool Street - Norwich Push/Pull Class 86/2 + 6 Mk 2 SO + Mk 1 RBR + 2 Mk 2 FO + Mk 2 DBSO
86/2 244 M 110 AC N/A London Euston - Birmingham/Wolverhampton Push/Pull Class 86/2 + 5 Mk 3 TSO + RFB + 3 TFO + Mk 3 DVT
87 267 M 110 AC N/A London Euston - Manchester/Liverpool/Preston/Glasgow Push/Pull Class 87 + 6 Mk 3 TSO + RFB + 3 TFO + Mk 3 DVT
90 267 M 110 AC N/A London Euston - Manchester/Liverpool/Preston/Glasgow Push Pull Class 90 + 6 Mk 3 TSO + RFB + 3 TFO + Mk 3 DVT
91 246 M 125 AC N/A London Kings Cross - Leeds/Newcastle/Edinburgh/Glasgow Push/Pull Class 91 + 5 Mk 4 TSO + RSB + 3 TFO + Mk 4 DVT

Notes

- Older working timetables will show DMMU in the heading. This means Diesel Mechanical Multiple Unit (Classes 100-131; some units fitted with Hydraulic Transmission).

- Some trains comprised a DMU (DPU) + tail traffic (GUV, CCT or other NPCCS) on certain services particularly Parcels, Newspaper or Mail).

- Class 370 APT-P were formed of 2 half sets coupled together to form one train. There being no connection from one half to the other because of power car location (2 power cars coupled together in the middle of the train)

- If DMUs were working as multiple sets coupled together then the correct coupling code had to be present on each set (i.e. Orange Star could not couple to Blue Square).

- Although some codes could be coupled together if the units had special markings on the gear selector

- A special system was developed by Rolls Royce to enable Mechanical and Hydraulic Transmissions to work together; later discarded after an accident.

- Coupling Codes were visible on each end of the unit just above Solebar height.

- First Generation EMUs were generally able to couple in multiple within their own class but Southern Region stock could be mixed and matched to a degree.

- First Generation DMUs did in fairness last way beyond their intended lifespans with many still in service well in to the 1990s. Even with the new Pacer and Sprinter designs coming in to service some regions still didn’t have enough to go round and had to press older stock in to service to meet demand.

- A hotchpotch of old and new designs running side by side was the norm until the big new orders came in after privatisation which finally saw the elimination of the old diesel and electric designs.

=

Modern

Multiple Units

Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
139/0 (1) PPM60 10 VH 40 D N/A LM DMU
140/0 (2) Pacer 32 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 BR DMU Prototype Pacer unit built at BREL Derby in 1981 as a demonstrator unit; Later used as a driver training set for the production series units based at NL
141/1 (2) Pacer 31 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 BR; WYPTE DMU First of the Pacer designs and only became reliable after extensive modifications; All withdrawn by 1997 some serving in Iran 2001-2005; 2 preserved
142/0 (2) Pacer 31 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 AW; NT DMU All withdrawn by mid 2020; 18 preserved: 5 on static display at various museums
143/0 (2) Pacer 30 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 AW DMU
143/3 (2) Pacer 30 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 AW DMU Formerly 143/0s; renumbered to 143/3s in 1989
143/6 (2) Pacer 30 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 AW; GW DMU Formerly 143/0s & 143/3s; renumbered to 143/6s in 1989; All GW sets withdrawn by 31/12/20; Last 2 AW sets withdrawn on 31/05/21
144/0 (2) Pacer 31 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 (AN); (NS); NT DMU All withdrawn in 2020; 7 so far preserved
144/0 (3) Pacer 46 H 75 D DMU(A) 075 NT DMU All withdrawn in 2020; 8 so far preserved
150/0 (3) Sprinter 62 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 (CT); GW; (LM) DMU; SP
150/1 (2) Sprinter 41 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 GW; LM; (LO); NT DMU; SP
150/2 (2) Sprinter 41 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 NT; AW; GW DMU; SP
150/9 (3) Sprinter 60 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 GW DMU; SP Formed from 3 driving vehicles
151/0 (3) Sprinter 60 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 RR DMU; SP Mid-to-late 1980s prototype
153 (1) Super Sprinter 23 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 AW; EM; GW; LE; LM; NT DMU; SP Acceleration rate of M when working individually may also be valid, as they do not accelerate anywhere near as well as 2 car sprinters!
155 (2) Super Sprinter 46 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 NT DMU; SP
156 (2) Super Sprinter 46 H 75 D DMU(S) 075 EM; LE; NT; SR DMU; SP
158 (2) Express Sprinter 46 H 90 D DMU(E) 090 AW; EM; GW; NT; SR; SW DMU; (HST); SP Classes 158 and 159 were not listed as HST in the 2008 edition of the rule book, but from 2012 are listed in the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix
158 (3) Express Sprinter 70 H 90 D DMU(E) 090 GW; NT DMU; (HST); SP Classes 158 and 159 were not listed as HST in the 2008 edition of the rule book, but from 2012 are listed in the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix
159 (3) South Western Turbo 70 H 90 D DMU(X) 090 SW DMU; (HST); SP Classes 158 and 159 were not listed as HST in the 2008 edition of the rule book, but from 2012 are listed in the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix
Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
165/0 (2) Networker Turbo 46 H 75 D DMU(N) 075 CH DMU; SP; Tripcock
165/0 (3) Networker Turbo 69 H 75 D DMU(N) 075 CH DMU; SP; Tripcock
165/1 (2) Networker Turbo 46 H 90 D DMU(T) 090 GW DMU; SP
165/1 (3) Networker Turbo 69 H 90 D DMU(T) 090 GW DMU; SP
166 (3) Networker Turbo 69 H 90 D DMU(T) 090 GW DMU; SP
168/0 (4) Clubman 95 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
168/1 (3) Clubman/Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
168/1 (4) Clubman/Turbostar 95 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
168/2 (3) Clubman/Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
168/2 (4) Clubman/Turbostar 95 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
168/3 (2) Clubman/Turbostar 48 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 CH DMU; HST; SP; Tripcock
170/1 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 XC DMU; HST; SP
170/1 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 XC DMU; HST; SP
170/2 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 LE DMU; HST; SP
170/2 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 LE; (HT) DMU; HST; SP HT leased 4 from AR from start of operations until 2004
170/3 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 (TP) DMU; HST; SP Transferred to CH for conversion to 168s
170/3 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 (HT); SR; XC DMU; HST; SP Used by HT between 2004 and 2005
170/4 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 SR DMU; HST; SP
170/5 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 LM; XC DMU; HST; SP
170/6 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 LM; XC DMU; HST; SP
171/7 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 SN DMU; HST; SP
171/8 (4) Turbostar 94 H 100 D DMU(E) 100 SN DMU; HST; SP
172/0 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D N/A LO DMU; HST; SP
172/1 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D N/A CH DMU; HST; SP
172/2 (2) Turbostar 47 H 100 D N/A LM DMU; HST; SP
172/3 (3) Turbostar 71 H 100 D N/A LM DMU; HST; SP
175/0 (2) Coradia 47 H 100 D N/A AW DMU; HST
175/1 (3) Coradia 70 H 100 D N/A AW DMU; HST
180 (5) Coradia Adelante 117 H 125 D N/A GC; GR; GW; HT; NT; EM DMU; HST
185 (3) Pennine Desiro 71 VH 100 D N/A TP none Sectional Appendix: “Class 185 trains are not permitted to run at MU or DMU speeds”
195/0 (2) Civity 48 H 100 D N/A NT DMU
195/1 (3) Civity 71 H 100 D N/A NT DMU
220 (4) Voyager 93 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 XC DMU; HST
221 (4) Super Voyager 93 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 VT; XC DMU; EPS-D; HST EPS-D enabled for all units before 2008, VT only since 2008
221 (5) Super Voyager 116 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 VT; XC DMU; EPS-D; HST EPS-D enabled for all units before 2008, VT only since 2008
222/0 (5) Meridian 116 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 EM DMU; HST
222/0 (7) Meridian 162 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 EM DMU; HST
222/1 (4) Meridian 93 H 125 D DMU(V) 125 EM; (HT) DMU; HST Used by HT between 2005 and 2009
230 (2) D-Train 37 H 60 D N/A LM DMU Vivarail LUL D78 Stock conversions; Currently used on the Marston Vale line
Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
313/0 (3) N/A 61 VH 75 AC+DC N/A (WN); (FC); GN EMU; Tripcock Now withdrawn with scrapping underway
313/1 (3) N/A 61 VH 75 AC+DC N/A (LO); (FC); GN EMU; Tripcock Now withdrawn with scrapping underway
313/1 (3) N/A 61 VH 75 DC N/A SN; NR EMU For ERTMS testing on the Hertford Loop of the East Coast Main Line; see this section on the Wikipedia.org article for Class 313s for further details
313/2 (3) N/A 61 VH 75 DC N/A SN EMU
314/2 (3) N/A 60 VH 75 AC N/A SR EMU Now withdrawn with scrapping underway
315/8 (4) N/A 79 VH 75 AC N/A (LE); LO; XR EMU Transferred from LE to LO/XR May 2015; Now withdrawn with scrapping underway; Replaced by Class 345 as part of the Elizabeth Line (Liverpool Street - Shenfield)
317/1 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A (WN); (FC); GN EMU
317/2 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A (WN) EMU Converted to other sub-classes
317/5 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU
317/6 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU Now being sent for scrap
317/7 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A (LE); (FC); (GN); LO EMU Transferred to LO May 2015
317/8 (4) N/A 79 H 100 AC N/A LE; LO EMU 7 units transferred to LO May 2015; Now being sent for scrap
318/2 (3) N/A 62 H 90 AC N/A SR EMU
319 (4) N/A 82 H 100 AC+DC N/A (CX); (SN); (TR); (FC); (TL) EMU 44 sets being converted to Class 769 tri-mode with fitting of diesel engines for use on non electrified routes
319 (4) N/A 82 H 100 AC N/A NT; LM EMU
320/3 (3) N/A 62 H 90 AC N/A SR EMU Started life with a top speed of 75mph. Upped by the addition of yaw dampers in 2010.
320/4 (3) N/A 62 H 100 AC N/A SR EMU 3-car conversion of class 321s for Scotrail
321/3 (4) N/A 80 H 100 AC N/A (GE); LE; (SS) EMU LE sets now being sent for scrap
321/4 (4) N/A 80 H 100 AC N/A (CT); (GE); LE; LM; (SS); (FC); GN EMU LE sets now being sent for scrap
321/9 (4) N/A 80 H 100 AC N/A NT; (AN) EMU
322 (4) N/A 82 H 100 AC N/A (FW); NT; (SR); (WN) EMU
323 (3) N/A 70 H 90 AC N/A LM; NT EMU
325 (4) N/A 80 H 100 AC EPU 100 ZZ EMU Postal Units operated by DB Schenker (previously operated by EWS, then GBRf) on behalf of Royal Mail with the special code ‘ZZ’
331/0 (3) Civity 71 H 100 AC N/A NT EMU
331/1 (4) Civity 95 H 100 AC N/A NT EMU
332 (4) N/A 96 H 100 AC N/A HX EMU All now scrapped; Replaced by Class 387; Siemens retained 3 cars from 332001 for apprentice training and educational visits at their Goole facility
332 (5) N/A 115 H 100 AC N/A HX EMU All now scrapped; Replaced by Class 387
333 (4) N/A 96 H 100 AC N/A NT EMU
334 (3) Juniper 62 H 90 AC N/A SR EMU
Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
345 (9) Aventra 205 VH 90 AC N/A XR EMU
350/1 (4) Desiro 82 H 110 AC+DC N/A (CT); LM; (SS) EMU
350/2 (4) Desiro 82 H 100 AC N/A LM EMU
350/3 (4) Desiro 82 H 100 AC N/A LM EMU
350/4 (4) Desiro 82 H 100 AC N/A TP EMU
357 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 AC N/A CC EMU
360/1 (4) Desiro 81 H 100 AC N/A (LE),EM EMU All now transfered to EM
360/5 (5) Desiro 101 H 100 AC N/A HC;(HX);(ROG) EMU Now sold to Rail Operations Group and stored at MoD Bicester; Heathrow Connect is now part of the Elizabeth Line and operated by Class 345
365 (4) Networker 82 H 100 AC N/A (WN); (FC); GN EMU Scrapping underway
373 (16) Eurostar e300 “North of London” 312 H 186 AC N/A (GR); ES EMU; HST; TGV All now in store apart from 1 half set used as a spare (1 set preserved)
373 (20) Eurostar e300 “Three Capitals” 387 H 186 AC(+DC) N/A ES EMU; HST; TGV Dual voltage before 2008; AC only thereafter. Only 8 refurbished sets left in service; The rest either stored or scrapped (3 sets preserved)
374 (16) Velaro e320 400 H 199 AC N/A ES EMU
375 (3) Electrostar 61 H 100 DC N/A SE EMU
375 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 AC+DC N/A SE EMU
376 (5) Electrostar 102 H 75 DC N/A SE EMU
377/1 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 DC N/A SN; SE EMU
377/2 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 AC+DC N/A (FC); (TL); SN EMU
377/3 (3) Electrostar 61 H 100 DC N/A SN EMU
377/4 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 DC N/A SN EMU
377/5 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 AC+DC N/A (FC); (TL); SE EMU Transferred from TL to SE in 2016/2017
377/6 (5) Electrostar 102 H 100 DC N/A SN EMU
377/7 (5) Electrostar 102 H 100 AC+DC N/A SN EMU
378/0 (3) Capitalstar 61 VH 75 AC+DC N/A LO EMU All sets extended to 4-car 378/2 in late 2010
378/1 (4) Capitalstar 82 VH 75 DC N/A LO EMU Units extended to 5-car 378/1 from January 2015
378/1 (5) Capitalstar 102 VH 75 DC N/A LO EMU
378/2 (4) Capitalstar 82 VH 75 AC+DC N/A LO EMU
379 (4) Electrostar 82 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU
380/0 (3) Desiro 69 H 100 AC N/A SR EMU
380/1 (4) Desiro 92 H 100 AC N/A SR EMU
385 (3) AT200 69 H 100 AC N/A SR EMU
385 (4) AT200 92 H 100 AC N/A SR EMU
387/1 (4) Electrostar 82 H 110 AC+DC N/A (TL); GW; (HX); GN EMU GW now run 12 sets on the Heathrow Express service replacing Class 332. Some internal fittings changed for HX services
387/2 (4) Electrostar 82 H 110 AC+DC N/A GX; (GW) EMU Some sets transferred to GW temporarily
387/3 (4) Electrostar 82 H 110 AC+DC N/A CC; (GW) EMU Some sets transferred to GW temporarily; Likely to be used by TL following this
390/0 (9) Pendolino 213 H 125 AC N/A VT (HST); EPS-E Class 390 units were listed as HST in the 2008 edition of the rule book, but from 2012 are no longer listed in the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix.
Sectional Appendix: “Class 390 trains are not permitted to run at MU or EMU speeds”
390/1 (11) Pendolino 264 H 125 AC N/A VT (HST); EPS-E Class 390 units were listed as HST in the 2008 edition of the rule book, but from 2012 are no longer listed in the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix.
Sectional Appendix: “Class 390 trains are not permitted to run at MU or EMU speeds”
395 (6) Javelin 122 VH 140 AC+DC N/A SE EMU
397 (5) Civity/Nova 2 118 H 125 AC N/A TP EMU
Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
442 (5) Wessex Express 116 M 100 DC N/A (SW); (GX); (SN) EMU; WES All now off lease and returned to Angel Trains; Currently stored at ZN (Wolverton Works); Scrapping underway
444 (5) Desiro 118 H 100 DC N/A SW EMU
450 (4) Desiro 82 H 100 DC N/A SW EMU
455 (4) N/A 79 H 75 DC N/A SN; SW EMU
456 (2) N/A 41 H 75 DC N/A (SN); SW EMU Transferred from SN to SW December 2013
458/0 (4) Juniper 82 H 100 DC N/A (SW) EMU
458/5 (5) Juniper 102 H 75 DC N/A SW EMU
460 (8) Juniper 164 H 100 DC N/A (GX) EMU Transferred to SW September 2012 for conversion to 458/5 (5)
465 (4) Networker 82 H 75 DC N/A SE EMU
466 (2) Networker 42 H 75 DC N/A SE EMU
482 (2) 1992 Tube Stock 33 VH 62 4DC N/A (BR); LT EMU; Tripcock Always runs doubled in service due to single units only having one driving cab
483 (2) 1938 Tube Stock 32 VH 45 4DC N/A IL EMU; Tripcock All withdrawn from 03/01/21; Vivarail Class 484 entered service 01/11/21 as replacements
484 (2) D-Train 37 H 45 DC N/A IL EMU; Tripcock Vivarail Converted D78 stock for Island Line services; Entered service 01/11/21
507 (3) N/A 59 VH 75 DC N/A ME EMU; Tripcock Set to be replaced by Class 777 Stadler Metro units
508 (3) N/A 59 VH 75 DC N/A ME; (SE) EMU; Tripcock ME units set to be replaced by Class 777 Stadler Metro units
700/0 (8) Desiro City 162 H 100 AC+DC N/A TL EMU
700/1 (12) Desiro City 243 H 100 AC+DC N/A TL EMU
707 (5) Desiro City 102 H 100 DC N/A SW EMU
710/1 (4) Aventra 83 H 75 AC N/A LO EMU Lea Valley Line units
710/2 (4) Aventra 83 H 75 AC+DC N/A LO EMU Gospel Oak to Barking units
710/2 (5) Aventra 103 H 75 AC+DC N/A LO EMU North London Line and West London Line units
717 (6) Desiro City 122 H 85 AC+DC N/A GN EMU; Tripcock
720/5 (5) Aventra 122 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU Entered service: 26th November 2020
745 (12) FLIRT 237 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU; SP Articulated Greater Anglia InterCity and Stanstead Express units
755/3 (3) FLIRT 65 H/VH 100 AC+Diesel N/A LE EMU; DMU; SP Articulated bi-modal units with "power-pack" unit.
VH acceleration when in electric mode
755/4 (4) FLIRT 81 H/VH 100 AC+Diesel N/A LE EMU; DMU; SP Articulated bi-modal units with "power-pack" unit.
VH acceleration when in electric mode
769 (4) N/A 82 M/H 100 AC+DC+Diesel N/A AW; GW; NT EMU; DMU Tri-Mode converted Class 319 with MAN D2876 diesel engines added; Entered service 16/11/20 with AW and 17/05/21 with NT
800/0 (5) IET 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GW EMU; DMU; HST Entered service: 16th October 2017
800/1 (9) あずま/Azuma 234 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GR EMU; DMU; HST Entered service: 15th May 2019
800/2 (5) あずま/Azuma 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GR EMU; DMU; HST
800/3 (9) IET 234 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GW EMU; DMU; HST Originally intended to be class 801/3 however diesel engines added due to electrification delays
801/1 (5) あずま/Azuma 130 H 125 AC N/A GR EMU; HST Entered service: 16th September 2019
801/2 (9) あずま/Azuma 234 H 125 AC N/A GR EMU; HST Entered service: 18th November 2019
802/0 (5) IET 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GW EMU; DMU; HST Entered service: 18th August 2018
802/1 (9) IET 234 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A GW EMU; DMU; HST
802/2 (5) Nova 1 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A TP EMU; DMU; HST Entered service: 28th September 2019
802/3 (5) Paragon 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A HT EMU; DMU; HST Entered service: 5th December 2019
803 (5) AT300 130 H 125 AC N/A LD EMU; HST Entered service: 1st November 2021
994 (2) Tyne & Wear Metrocar 28 VH 50 Tramway N/A TW Metro Set to be replaced by new Stadler Metro units by 2024

Fixed Formation LHCS & HSTs

Class Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes (formation)
IC225 (1+9+DVT) 245 M 125 AC N/A GR HST Class 91 + 9 Mk4 Coaches + DVT; Only 10 sets and 12 locomotives set to be retained by LNER
LE LHCS (1+9+DVT) 245 M 110 AC N/A LE Loco-H Class 90 + 9 Mk3 Coaches + DVT; Now replaced by Class 745 FLIRT sets
LE LHCS (1+8+DVT) 222 M 110 AC N/A LE Loco-H Class 90 + 8 Mk3 Coaches + DVT; Now replaced by Class 745 FLIRT sets
VT LHCS (1+9+DVT) 245 M 110 AC N/A VT Loco-H Class 90 + 9 Mk3 Coaches + DVT
FGW Sleeper (1+7) 179 M 80 D N/A GW Loco-H Class 57 + 7 Coaches;
“Night Riviera” from/to Penzance to/from London Paddington; Mon - Thurs Both directions; All Mark 3 stock from 2008
FGW Sleeper (1+8) 202 M 80 D N/A GW Loco-H Class 57 + 8 Coaches;
“Night Riviera” from/to Penzance to/from London Paddington; FO Padd - Penzance / SuO Penzance - Padd
SR Sleeper (1+16) 375 M 80 AC N/A SR Loco-H Class 90 + 16 Coaches;
“Caledonian (Lowland) Sleeper” from/to Glasgow and Edinburgh to/from London Euston; Serco now use Class 92's; Mark 5 Stock from April 2016
SR Sleeper (1+16) 375 M 80 AC N/A SR Loco-H Class 90 + 16 Coaches;
“Caledonian (Highland) Sleeper” from/to Aberdeen/Inverness/Fort William to/from London Euston; Serco now use Class 92's on the WCML section; Mark 5 Stock from October 2016
WS (1+3+DVT) 109 H 110 D N/A WS CS Class 67 + 3 Coaches + DVT
CH (1+6+DVT) 178 H 110 D N/A CH CS Class 67 + 6 Coaches + DVT;
ex WSMR (WS) coaching stock and locomotives
CH (1+6+DVT) 179 H 100 D N/A CH Loco-H Class 68 + 6 Coaches + DVT; CH also use 1 set of Mk 3 stock (7 coaches) + DVT with central door locking for a couple of peak hour diagrams
AW (1+4+1) 123 M 95 D N/A AW Loco-H Class 57 + 4 coaches + Class 57;
Y Gerallt Gymro (Gerald of Wales) premier service. Initially operated with 4 Class 57's leased from VWC and 3 Mk 2 coaches + 1 Mk 3 coach in Top n Tail mode from 15/12/08
AW (1+4+DVT) 132 H 100 D N/A AW Loco-H Class 67 + 4 Coaches + DVT;
Transport for Wales Premier Express; Mk 3 coaches and DVT; 2012 - 2020
AW (1+4+DVT) 132 H 100 D N/A AW Loco-H Class 67 + 4 Coaches + DVT;
Transport for Wales Premier Express; Mk 4 coaches and DVT; 2021 -
TP (1+5) 132 H 100 D N/A TP Loco-H Class 68 + 5 Mk5A Coaches (Nova 3)
HST (2+4) 128 H 125 D HST GW DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 4 Mk3 Coaches; GWR Castle Class; WoE and South Wales
HST (2+5) 152 H (110)/125 D NMT NR DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 5 Mk3 Coaches; New Measurement Train (NMT)
Pre-2007 formations of the NMT included Mark 2 stock, restricting the set to 110mph
HST (2+6) 175 M 125 D HST GC DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 6 Mk3 Coaches
HST (2+7) 198 M 125 D HST GW; XC DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 7 Mk3 Coaches
HST (2+8) 221 M 125 D HST GW; EM DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 8 Mk3 Coaches
HST (2+9) 244 M 125 D HST GR DMU; HST 2 Class 43 Power Cars + 9 Mk3 Coaches

London Underground Units

Stock Line Length Accel Speed Power Operator Speed Class Notes
A60/A62 (4) East London; Metropolitan 65 VH 50/(70) 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Maximum speed restricted to 50 after 2000
C69/C77 (2) Circle; Hammersmith & City 31 VH 40 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to at least one other unit (usually 2) whilst in service
D78 (3) District 55 VH 50 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to another unit whilst in service
D78 (5) Metropolitan 92 VH 50 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Converted for Rail Adhesion Train duties in 2018
S7 (7) Circle; District; Hammersmith & City 117 VH 62 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro
S8 (8) Metropolitan 134 VH 62 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro
1967 (4) Victoria 64 VH 37 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro
1972 (3) Bakerloo 48 VH 45 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to a four-car unit whilst in service
1972 (4) Bakerloo 64 VH 45 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to a three-car unit whilst in service
1973 (3) Piccadilly 53 VH 45 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to another unit whilst in service
1992 (2) Central 33 VH 62 4DC LT Metro Must be coupled to at least one other unit (usually 3) whilst in service
1995 (3) Northern 53 VH 45/(62) 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to another unit whilst in service
Currently limited to a top speed of 45
1996 (3) Jubilee 53 VH 62 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to a four-car unit whilst in service
1996 (4) Jubilee 71 VH 62 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to a three-car unit whilst in service
2009 (4) Victoria 67 VH 50 4DC LT Tripcock; Metro Must be coupled to another unit whilst in service

Chicago ‘L’ Units

Stock Line Length Accel Speed Power Operator Speed Class Notes
2600 (2) Orange 29 VH 55 DC CTA none
3200 (2) Brown; Orange 29 VH 55 DC CTA none
5000 (2) Brown; Green; Pink 29 VH 55/(70) DC CTA none Limited to 55 whilst in service

Australia (NSW)

Set Family Length Accel Speed (km/h) Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
A (8) Waratah 164 VH 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU; HST Air Conditioned
B (8) Waratah 164 VH 115 ODC N/A SYT EMU; HST Air Conditioned
C (4) Silver 81 H 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU Chopper Control, Air Conditioned
D (4) Mariyung (NIF) 81 VH 115 ODC N/A NTL EMU; HST New Interity Fleet (under test)
D (6) Mariyung (NIF) 123 VH 115 ODC N/A NTL EMU; HST New Interity Fleet (under test)
G (4) Tangara 81 H 115 ODC N/A [CTY] EMU Outer Suburban Tangara (now converted to T sets)
H (4) OSCAR 81 VH 115 ODC N/A NTL; SYT; [CTY] EMU; HST Outer Suburban CAR, Air Conditioned (shared by both NSW Trainlink and Sydney Trains. To be repositioned to Suburban Fleet upon NIF intruduction))
K (2) Silver 41 H 115 ODC N/A [CTY] EMU Camshaft Control, Air Conditioned (integrated into the 4 car fleet from 2013)
K (4) Silver 81 H 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU Camshaft Control, Air Conditioned
L (3) Silver 60 H 115 ODC N/A [CTY] EMU Camshaft Control, Natural Ventilation (Withdrawn 2013)
M (4) Millennium 82 VH 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU Air Conditioned
R (6) Silver 120 H 115 ODC N/A [CTY] EMU Camshaft Control, Natural Ventilation (Withdrawn 2013)
S (4) Silver 81 H 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU Camshaft Control, Natural Ventilation (Withdrawn 2019)
T (4) Tangara 81 H 115 ODC N/A SYT; [CTY] EMU Air Conditioned
V (2) Intercity 48 H 115 ODC N/A [CTY] EMU Air Conditioned (reformed into 4 car sets)
V (4) Intercity 96 H 115 ODC N/A NTL; [CTY] EMU Air Conditioned (to be withdrawn on replacement by NIF)
V (6) Intercity 144 H 115 ODC N/A NTL; [CTY] EMU Air Conditioned (reformed into 4 car sets)
620/720 (2) 37 H 115 D N/A [CTY] DMU Natural Ventilation, Intercity (withdrawn)
J (2) Hunter 50 H 145 D N/A NTL; [CTY] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Intercity
N (2) Endeavour 50 H 145 D N/A NTL; [CTY] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Intercity
P (2) Xplorer 50 H 145 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
P (3) Xplorer 75 H 145 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
P (4) Xplorer 100 H 145 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
X (2+4) XPT 134 M 160 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
X (2+5) XPT 159 M 160 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
X (2+6) XPT 184 M 160 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional
X (2+7) XPT 209 M 160 D N/A NTL; [CLK] DMU; HST Air Conditioned, Regional

Additional Notes

- The number in parentheses indicates how many carriages there are per unit (note that units might be doubled/tripled whilst in service).

- Timing Load is only shown for train types with a specific Entry in the WTT, all other Timing Loads will be in the form DMU/EMU ###, where ### is the maximum permitted speed.

- Current operators are shown normally; former operators (or temporary transfers / operated on behalf of) are shown in parentheses. The 2 Letter codes are the relevant ATOC code, generally self-explanatory, but see list for any you’re not sure of.

- HSTs with less than three coaches between the two power cars are not permitted to run at DMU speeds.

- As of 7th December 2013, the SP module of the rule book no longer lists speed classes for trains. They are now entirely governed by the General Instructions of the Sectional Appendix. Additionally, the new RSSB handbook RS/521 Iss 1 §7.6 describes the term “EPS” with regards to speed classes.

- Several 2nd Generation DMU's and EMU's are now being scrapped as newer rolling stock is introduced. This process is likely to accelerate as many of the newer trains finish testing and enter service. Many Mark 3 and 4 coaches are also being scrapped as there are no operators now in need of their use and are therefore surplus to requirements.

- The Elizabeth Line will open in stages fully from 2022. Class 345 already operate from Paddington to Maidenhead and Reading on the Western section and has now also incorporated the Heathrow Connect service. The Eastern section from Liverpool Street to Shenfield has also seen full Class 345 operation. Testing on the section between Abbey Wood and Westbourne Park is now underway as the Central section's stations are fitted out ready for use.

- Some problems with the Hitachi Azuma trains Class 800 and variants have seen many being taken out of service for checks leaving GWR and LNER in particular critically short of trains for the time being.

In Development/Manufacturing/In Delivery (Multiple Units)

Class Family Length Accel Speed Power T/LOAD Operator Speed Class Notes
196/0 (2) Civity 48 H 100 D N/A LM DMU CAF units being built (Will replace Class 153 and 170)
196/1 (4) Civity 84 H 100 D N/A LM DMU CAF units being built (Will replace Class 153 and 170)
197/0 (2) Civity 48 H 100 D N/A AW DMU CAF units being built (Expected to replace Class 150, 153 and 158)
197/1 (3) Civity 71 H 100 D N/A AW DMU CAF units being built (Expected to replace Class 150, 153 and 158)
230 (3) D-Train 55 H 60 D N/A AW DMU Vivarail LUL D78 Stock conversions; Expected to be used on the Borderlands line, Conwy Valley and some Chester - Crewe services
231 (4) FLIRT 80? H? 100 AC+Diesel N/A AW EMU; DMU Articulated bi-modal units with "power-pack" unit
398 (3) Citylink ?? H? 75? D N/A AW DMU Stadler Citylink Tram/Train Units being developed and built for Cardiff Valley lines
701/0 (10) Aventra 103 H 100 DC N/A SW EMU Currently (10/2020) on test with SW
701/5 (5) Aventra 83 H 100 DC N/A SW EMU
720/5 (5) Aventra 122 H 100 AC N/A LE EMU Replacing classes 317,321,360 and 379; Initial use on Southend Victoria services
720/6 (10) Aventra 243 H 100 AC N/A CC EMU Reclassified from Class 711
730/0 (3) Aventra 73? H 90 AC N/A LM EMU New Cross-City line units undergoing initial testing
730/1 (5) Aventra 122 H 110 AC N/A LM EMU New Outer Suburban line units being manufactured
730/2 (5) Aventra 122 H 110 AC N/A LM EMU New long distance units being manufactured
756/3 (3) FLIRT 60? H? 100 AC+Diesel N/A AW EMU; DMU Articulated bi-modal units with "power-pack" unit
756/4 (4) FLIRT 80? H? 100 AC+Diesel N/A AW EMU; DMU Articulated bi-modal units with "power-pack" unit
769 (4) N/A 82 H 100 AC+DC+Diesel N/A AW; GW; NT EMU; DMU Converted Class 319 to tri-mode with fitting of 2 x MAN D2876 diesel engines per 4 car set of 523 bhp each; AW and NT versions now entered service; GW version expected to enter service soon
777 (4) Stadler Metro 65 VH 75 DC+Battery N/A ME EMU; Metro New Stadler Metro Units being built for Merseyrail
805 (5) AT300 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A VT EMU; DMU; HST
807 (7) AT300 182 H 125 AC N/A VT EMU; HST
810 (5) AT300 130 H 125 AC+Diesel N/A EM EMU; DMU; HST
9xx (5) Stadler Metro 60 H 50 DC+Battery N/A TW Metro; EMU New Stadler articulated Metro units being developed and built for Tyne and Wear Metro

Last edited by kaiwhara on 02/01/2022 at 08:14